Comparison of structural and photoluminescence properties of zinc oxide nanowires grown by vapor-solid and vapor-liquid-solid methods

Different kinds of ZnO nanowires were synthesized by vapor-solid and vapor-liquid-solid methods via a chemical vapor transport and condensation process. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence analyses. The control on the growth morphologies can be achieved by the source materials and by using a thin gold layer as a catalyst. 15-80 nm nanowires were obtained and XRD patterns show two different growth directions. High intensity green light from photoluminescence spectroscopy was observed which shows that the experimental results could be useful for light-emitting materials and other optoelectronic device applications.