An engineered surrogate poly(A) tail to wag translation initiation

A novel approach for controlling translation initiation in mammalian cells is demonstrated based on the conditional attachment of eukaryotic translation initiation factor-binding proteins to the 3′ UTR of mRNAs via small molecule-, light-, or protein-responsive interactions. The technology overcomes limitations of previously used transcription-based switches and was shown to be functional in managing diabetes or tumor growth in preclinical animal models.